Journal of Research in Architecture & Planning
NED University of Engineering & Technology

ISSN 2519-5050 (Online), ISSN 1728-7715 (Print)
Listed in HEC recognized Y category Journal
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Akande O. K., Obi-George L. C., Makun C. Y., Ekeke C. O. & Basil A. M.

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Housing as an essential component of human life has not been given prominence in global health. Meanwhile, housing conditions can significantly impact the physical, mental, and social well-being of residents. In Nigeria, poor housing habitability is a threat to public health which has exacerbated building-related illnesses (BRI), and triggered outbreaks of infectious diseases among the residents. This research examined the quality of housing and habitability provision in Nigeria with a view to minimise health risks and enhance the residents’ physical, mental, and social well-being. A structured questionnaire was administered to 120 respondents to solicit relevant data for the study. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the collated data at various levels of the research. Findings indicate a significant effect of poor housing conditions such as inadequate ventilation, dampness, and overcrowding on the wellbeing of occupants in dwellings, which lead to outbreaks of infectious diseases such as respiratory illnesses, allergies, and psychological distress. The study concludes that inadequate and poor housing quality promote poor building habitability, causing outbreak of infectious diseases and increased health risk for occupants. The study recommends that authorities in the housing sector should provide policies to ensure adequate and well-constructed housing for adequate habitation, promoting health and safety of occupants and reducing the rate of outbreaks of infectious diseases. Also, there should be continuous public enlightenment among the people on the health implications of their living conditions to minimise health risk.


Building habitability, diseases outbreak, health risk, residential houses, occupants safety, Nigeria

Volume 33 Issue 2
ISSN (P) 1728-7715 - ISSN (E) 2519-5050
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